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la motivation, pilier de l'excellence scolaire

Posted on September 5, 2016 at 11:40 AM
"On apprend mieux quand on est motivé"
J'irais même plus loin en affirmant qu'on ne peut espérer un apprentissage solide et perenne sans motivation des apprenants.

Lorsqu'un élève n'obtient pas de bons résultats scolaires, on incrimine l'insuffisante formation des maitres, la mauvaise organisation de l'école, l'absence d'implication des parents, les programmes insipides ... C'est parfois (et même souvent) vrai, du moins en partie. Mais ce sont de toute façon des paramètres sur lesquels on ne peut agir que faiblement, des paramètres qui échappent à notre pouvoir. 
Il existe à côté de cela un autre paramètre, bien plus important, et, qui plus est, sur lequel nous pouvons influer: 
la motivation de l'élève
C'est en effet la motivation qui permet le déclenchement de l'action, aussi bien dans son orientation, son intensité que dans sa persistance. Autant dire que sans motivation, il est difficile de se fixer un but, puis de se donner les moyens d'y parvenir, et in fine de s'engager dans l'action pour s'y maintenir jusqu'à sa réalisation. 
Vous l'avez compris: Sans motivation, difficile voire impossible de mener une scolarité épanouie et productive.
Sachant cela, devant un enfant en échec scolaire, en refus de l'institution, (on en rencontre de plus en plus), dont les résultats laissent à désirer, le premier travail du coach est parfaitement clair: 
s'attacher à remotiver l'enfant qui les est confié

Ce travail se fait en trois temps temps:
* identifier les sources de sa motivation
Votre enfant puise t'il sa motivation dans des facteurs intrinsèques ou dans des facteurs extrinsèques. Selon le cas, il conviendra d'agir sur des leviers différents:
 En cas de motivation intrinsèque, c'est à dire lorsqu'il est 'il plus sensible à une motivation  qui depend de lui même, déclenchée par une force intérieure, il faudra s'appuyer sur son désir de se dépasser, de renvoyer une image valorisante, positive de lui-même, ...) alors qu'en cas de motivation extrinsèque, c'est à dire déclenchée par une force exterieure, il conviendra  de s'appuyer sur son désir de plaire, d'être récompensé...
* lui permettre de se forger une vision claire de l'instituion scolaire et de ses enjeux
 Il faut pour cela l'amener à se forger une représentation à minima du système scolaire, de ses normes et de ses enjeux, une maitrise de ses codes implicites (comportement, règles de vie, ...), une perception claire  sa place dans ce système ainsi que des attentes de ses différents acteurs. 
* l'amener à mettre en oeuvre une dynamique visant à le rendre acteur de sa scolarité et non plus à la subir
Cest en actionnant les leviers de motivation préalablement identifiés et en les mettant en perspective avec sa représentation du système éducatif que l'on réussira à   lui faire réaliser qu'il possède le pouvoir d'influer sur les résultats. Il sera alors en capacité, pour peu peu qu'on lui en donne les clefs, de ne plus subir l'école passivement, mais de devenir l'acteur engagé de sa scolarité en se sentant responsable de son devenir.

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